The intensification of greenery and the conservation of rich natural heritage are important priorities in the “City in Nature” vision. It integrates nature further into the city by extending its natural capital, intensifying nature in gardens and parks, restoring nature into the city and strengthening connectivity between Singapore’s green spaces. This creates a more liveable city and at the same time conserving our biodiversity.
At the core of Singapore’s conservation of key habitats are the four Nature Reserves, which are buffered from urban development by various nature parks surrounding them. Singapore’s nature reserves and nature parks provide core and expanded habitats for native biodiversity, and clean air and water for the ecosystem. Green spaces in Singapore encompasses a range of habitats, ranging from parks and gardens, such as Singapore Botanic Gardens and Coney Island, to coastal and marine ecosystems such as Manda Mangrove and Mudflat. Multiple initiatives have been carried out to restore and conserve biodiversity in Singapore, guided by NParks’ Nature Conservation Masterplan.
The One Million Trees movement is a nationwide effort to plant a million trees across Singapore over the next 10 years, bringing the number of trees in Singapore to more than 8 million. This movement is a concerted effort to increase the number of trees planted throughout the whole of Singapore, including streetscapes, gardens, parks and park connectors, nature reserves and nature parks, and more. This will improve Singapore’s urban environment and enhance resilience towards climate change.
Natural designs and planting in parks and gardens contribute towards Singapore’s resilience to impact of climate change and support rich biodiversity. For example, naturalised waterbodies within our gardens and parks can help to mitigate flooding around coastal and riverine areas. Along our roads, Nature Ways that have multi-tiered forest-like structure, as well as greater adoption of vertical green energy, will make Singapore’s streets cooler, and more resilient to the effects of urbanisation.
Finally, Singapore is committed to combatting illegal wildlife trade. Singapore is a signatory to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) of Wild Fauna and Flora, and its public agencies continue to collaborate and maintain vigilance to tackle the illegal wildlife trade. An example is the recent large-scale destruction of seized ivory that was livestreamed by NParks.6 The recently launched Centre for Wildlife Forensics (CWF) is a further effort to strengthen our detection and diagnostic capabilities in identifying and analysing specimens involved in the illegal wildlife trade.